History Day Previous Topics

Archived collection of previously suggested History Day resources by topic. Links not maintained.

Military Industry

Military Industry

Women in World War II

Women in World War II

From Connecticut State Library Catalog:

Even when not online, the catalog record will have information for your citations

Selected Websites

Rosie the Riveter

Rosie the Riveter- Women in the factories during WWII

See the main guide as well.

Rosie the Riveter- Women in the factories during WWII Books, Documents, etc.

Books, documents, etc.

Rosie the Riveter- Women in the factories during WWII Other Institutions

Other Institutions

Library of Congress (LOC)
NARA - National Archives
U.S. Department of Labor

Women Pilots in WWII

Sting of the WASP's: Women Pilots in WWII

Focus: An exhibit highlighting and analyzing the triumphs made and tragedies endured by civilian women in the air force who became known as the WASPs.


Articles and Web Sites

  • "U.S. Military Women in World War II: The SPAR, WAC, WAVES, WASP and Women Marines in U.S. Government Publications" by Laurie Scrivener. Journal of Government Information, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 361–383, 1999
    • Annotated bibliography

Additional Resources

Women Pilots in WWII Legislation & Timeline

Legislation & Timeline

This is not all the legislation that impacted WASPs, but a selection.

Most items can be found in the Connecticut State Library (CSL) Regional Federal Depository Program (FDLP) collection.

Whenever possible, links go to freely available online items.

CSL also has subscription databases that have much of the information.

When using GovInfo.gov or Congress.gov, there will be links to related documents. Unless there is a compelling reason to include them or they are not online, they will not be listed here. Contact us if you need them.

Earlier Date

  • 1901 Army Nurse Corps established as part of U.S. Army Medical Department - not full military status, so not equal in rank, pay or benefits
  • 1908 Navy Nurses Corps established - not full military status, so not equal in rank, pay or benefits
  • WWI- some women were allowed to enlist in response to shortage of clerical workers. Full military status, but demobilized after the war. Other women worked in the civil service (non-military), ex. in the Signal Corps or as Hello Girls telephone operators.
  • WWII - women's auxiliaries established in each branch of the services.


September, 1939 military plan to have women as auxiliary and not of military status.


  • Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers said she would introduce legislation for women corps to have military rank. She had been a contract worker during WWI and saw the discrepancy in pay, rank, and benefits. Instead, May 28, 1941 she sponsored a War Department prepared bill kept women's corps as auxiliary and not full military status. HR 4906.
  • "...Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall himself told the War Department in November 1941, 'I want a women’s corps right away, and I don’t want any excuses!'" Source Skirted Soldiers... https://armyhistory.org/skirted-soldiers-the-womens-army-corps-and-gender-integration-of-the-u-s-army-during-world-war-ii/


January 1942 "In January 1942, Rogers added an amendment to her bill that would grant women the same military status and benefits as men. Bitterly contested in Congress, the bill only passed after it was decided that women would not be given military status, and on 15 May 1942 President Roosevelt signed Public Law 77-554 establishing the Women Army Auxiliary Corps" Source "My Best Soldiers" https://www.army.mil/article/13127/my_best_soldiers_thirty_six_years_of_the_womens_army_corps

July 1942 PL 77-689 - WAVES and Marine women's corps were established. Secretary of Navy Frank Knox wanted Navy women to have military status.

November 1942  PL 77-773 SPAR established (Coast Guard) with military status. June 28, 1943 The USCGA was the first US military academy to accept women.

WFTD & WAFS formed. They later merged into WASPs - as civil service employees.


July 1, 1943 PL 78-110 WAAC become WAC with military status

HR 4219 introduced to give WASPs military status, but it was defeated.

"In January 1943, Congresswoman Rogers and Oveta Culp Hobby, Director of the WAAC, drafted a bill which was endorsed by General Marshall and introduced into Congress. Even though military status was again contested in the House, the bill eventually passed, and President Roosevelt signed Public Law 78-110 on July 1, 1943..." Source "My Best Soldiers"  https://www.army.mil/article/13127/my_best_soldiers_thirty_six_years_of_the_womens_army_corps


Army & Navy Nurses Corps moved from auxiliary to military status.

December 1944 WASP ceased to exist



WASPs were not a women's corps, but civil service employees

President Truman signed executive order desegregating the U.S. armed forces.












WAC's, women in the military

See main guide as well. Sometimes items are listed under "Military", sometimes under "Women", and some resources are applicable for different branches of the military. It is up to the researcher to choose which to use.

WACs Other Institutions

Other Institutions

Library of Congress (LOC)
Department of Defense

WACs Books, Documents, etc.

Books, Documents, etc.

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