History Day Previous Topics

Archived collection of previously suggested History Day resources by topic. Links not maintained.

Women

Women

See also specific people under People page.

See also Prohibition, Voting & Elections, Medical & Life Sciences, Military and other topics.

Women's Rights

  • Suggested Search Terms
    • Women's rights -- United States -- History
    • Women's rights -- Connecticut
    • Women's rights -- Connecticut -- History
    • Women's rights -- Connecticut -- Newspapers : StLib 
    • Woman's Rights Convention
       
    • Women -- Suffrage -- United States
    • Feminism -- United States -- History -- 19th century -- Sources
    • Women's rights -- United States -- Cases
    • Women's rights -- History
    • Women's rights -- United States -- Periodicals
    • Women's rights -- History -- 19th century -- Congresses
    • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States
    • Women's rights -- United States -- History -- Sources
    • Women -- United States -- History -- Sources
    • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States -- History -- Sources
    • Equal rights amendments -- United States
  • There are older sources - see specific women from 2015 History Day
    • Beecher, Catharine Esther, 1800-1878
    • Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896
    • Hooker, Isabella Beecher, 1822-1907
  • Supreme Court decisions and women's rights : milestones to equality KF4758 .S87 2011   
  • Women's rights on trial : 101 historic trials from Anne Hutchinson to the Virginia Military Institute cadets  KF220 .F76 1997  
  • Women's rights in the United States : a documentary history HQ1236.5.U6 W68 1994   
  • Public Forum on Women's Rights and Responsibilities : proceedings of a public forum sponsored by the Nevada Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights : [prepared by Gloria A. Lopez and Sally E. James]    FedDoc CR 1.2:W 84/6   
  • Recent developments, new opportunities in civil rights and women's rights : a report of the proceedings of the Western Regional Civil Rights and Women's Rights Conference IV [1977]  FedDocs CR 1.2:D 49   
  • Women's rights almanac / Nancy Gager, editor  HQ1426 .W665   
  • The women's rights movement in the United States, 1848-1970; a bibliography and sourcebook (1972)  Z7964.U49 K75   
  • A short history of women's rights: from the days of Augustus to the present time, with special reference to England and the United States HQ1121 .H4 1971   
  • Women's rights; the suffrage movement in America, 1848-1920, by Olivia Coolidge  JK1896 .C6   
  • "Belonging to the world" : women's rights and American constitutional culture / Sandra F. VanBurkleo  StLib Stacks      KF4758 .V36 2001
Additional

Women in World War II

From Connecticut State Library Catalog:

Even when not online, the catalog record will have information for your citations

Selected Websites

Lucy Stone

Lucy Stone - not in the library

From Library of Congress

03/03/2015 12:43 PM EST

 

In celebration of Women’s History Month and International Women’s Day (March 8) we thought we’d try something a bit different for the blog. We asked the foreign law specialists, analysts, and interns at the Law Library of Congress to provide responses to a series of questions related to the history of women’s rights in various […]

Rosie the Riveter

Rosie the Riveter- Women in the factories during WWII

See the main guide as well.

Rosie the Riveter- Women in the factories during WWII Books, Documents, etc.

Books, documents, etc.

Rosie the Riveter- Women in the factories during WWII Other Institutions

Other Institutions

Library of Congress (LOC)
NARA - National Archives
U.S. Department of Labor
Others

WAC's

WAC's, women in the military

See main guide as well. Sometimes items are listed under "Military", sometimes under "Women", and some resources are applicable for different branches of the military. It is up to the researcher to choose which to use.

WACs Other Institutions

Other Institutions

Library of Congress (LOC)
Congress
Department of Defense
Others

WACs Books, Documents, etc.

Books, Documents, etc.

WACs Books, Documents, etc.

Books, Documents, etc.

WACs Articles

Articles

"U.S. Military Women in World War II: The SPAR, WAC, WAVES, WASP and Women Marines in U.S. Government Publications" by Laurie Scrivener. Journal of Government Information, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 361–383, 1999

  • Annotated bibliography

Women Pilots in WWII

Sting of the WASP's: Women Pilots in WWII

Focus: An exhibit highlighting and analyzing the triumphs made and tragedies endured by civilian women in the air force who became known as the WASPs.

Books

Articles and Web Sites

  • "U.S. Military Women in World War II: The SPAR, WAC, WAVES, WASP and Women Marines in U.S. Government Publications" by Laurie Scrivener. Journal of Government Information, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 361–383, 1999
    • Annotated bibliography

Additional Resources

Women Pilots in WWII Legislation & Timeline

Legislation & Timeline

This is not all the legislation that impacted WASPs, but a selection.

Most items can be found in the Connecticut State Library (CSL) Regional Federal Depository Program (FDLP) collection.

Whenever possible, links go to freely available online items.

CSL also has subscription databases that have much of the information.

When using GovInfo.gov or Congress.gov, there will be links to related documents. Unless there is a compelling reason to include them or they are not online, they will not be listed here. Contact us if you need them.

Earlier Date

  • 1901 Army Nurse Corps established as part of U.S. Army Medical Department - not full military status, so not equal in rank, pay or benefits
  • 1908 Navy Nurses Corps established - not full military status, so not equal in rank, pay or benefits
  • WWI- some women were allowed to enlist in response to shortage of clerical workers. Full military status, but demobilized after the war. Other women worked in the civil service (non-military), ex. in the Signal Corps or as Hello Girls telephone operators.
  • WWII - women's auxiliaries established in each branch of the services.

1939

September, 1939 military plan to have women as auxiliary and not of military status.

1941

  • Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers said she would introduce legislation for women corps to have military rank. She had been a contract worker during WWI and saw the discrepancy in pay, rank, and benefits. Instead, May 28, 1941 she sponsored a War Department prepared bill kept women's corps as auxiliary and not full military status. HR 4906.
  • "...Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall himself told the War Department in November 1941, 'I want a women’s corps right away, and I don’t want any excuses!'" Source Skirted Soldiers...

1942

January 1942 "In January 1942, Rogers added an amendment to her bill that would grant women the same military status and benefits as men. Bitterly contested in Congress, the bill only passed after it was decided that women would not be given military status, and on 15 May 1942 President Roosevelt signed Public Law 77-554 establishing the Women Army Auxiliary Corps" Source "My Best Soldiers"

July 1942 PL 77-689 - WAVES and Marine women's corps were established. Secretary of Navy Frank Knox wanted Navy women to have military status.

November 1942  PL 77-773 SPAR established (Coast Guard) with military status. June 28, 1943 The USCGA was the first US military academy to accept women.

WFTD & WAFS formed. They later merged into WASPs - as civil service employees.

1943

July 1, 1943 PL 78-110 WAAC become WAC with military status

HR 4219 introduced to give WASPs military status, but it was defeated.

"In January 1943, Congresswoman Rogers and Oveta Culp Hobby, Director of the WAAC, drafted a bill which was endorsed by General Marshall and introduced into Congress. Even though military status was again contested in the House, the bill eventually passed, and President Roosevelt signed Public Law 78-110 on July 1, 1943..." Source "My Best Soldiers"

1944

Army & Navy Nurses Corps moved from auxiliary to military status.

December 1944 WASP ceased to exist

1947

1948

WASPs were not a women's corps, but civil service employees

President Truman signed executive order desegregating the U.S. armed forces.

1975

1977

1978

1980

1981

1987

1992

2009

2016

2019

Women & Revolutionary War

Revolutionary Women

Focus: Revolutionary Women and how the role of women changed during and after the War

Books, Documents, etc.

Web Sites

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