Skip to Main Content
African American Connecticut Explored by
Call Number: Stacks E185.93.C7 A47 2013 Item does not circulate. In-house use only.
Publication Date: 2014-01-27
LibGuides: Essays by many of Connecticut's leading historians document an array of subjects in African American history, beginning from the earliest years of the state's colonization around 1630 and continuing well into the 20th century.
And They Were Related, Too: A Study of Eleven Generations of One American Family! by
Call Number: CS71 .C746 2006
Publication Date: 2006-12-01
LibGuides: Genealogist Vicki S. Welch chronicles the stories of eleven generations of ancestors and descendants of Cuff Condol/Congdon, an enslaved Native American whose children and grandchildren spread across the landscape of Connecticut into New York and Ohio.
Black Roots in Southeastern Connecticut, 1650-1900 by
Call Number: E185.93.C7 B76 1980
Publication Date: 2001-02-01
LibGuides: A genealogy of Black individuals and families in southeastern Connecticut spanning from 1650-1900. Volume 8 of the Gale Genealogy and Local History Series.
Black Yankees: The Development of an Afro-American Subculture in Eighteenth-Century New England by
Call Number: E185.917 .P54 1988
Publication Date: 1988-01-07
LibGuides: William D. Piersen examines the development of an Afro-American subculture in eighteenth-century New England through anaylzing the processes of cultural change and creation from the Black bondsman's point of view. Despite the strictures of bondage, the Black Yankees of eighteenth-century New England created a sustaining folk culture of their own.
Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery by
Call Number: E98.S6 N49 2015
Publication Date: 2016-08-15
LibGuides: Margaret Ellen Newell explores how English colonists enslaved Indigenous people. Drawing on letters, diaries, newspapers, and court records, Newell recovers stories of enslaved persons and shows how they influenced New England society in crucial ways.
Colonial Complexions: Race and Bodies in Eighteenth-Century America by
Publication Date: 2021-05-07
LibGuides: Historian Sharon Block examines how Anglo-Americans built racial ideologies out of descriptions of physical appearance. By analyzing more than 4,000 advertisements for fugitive servants and slaves in colonial newspapers alongside scores of transatlantic sources, she reveals how colonists transformed observable characteristics into racist reality.
Connecticut's Black Soldiers 1775-1783 by
Call Number: Conn Doc Am35 cb no.4 c.5
Publication Date: 1973
LibGuides: David O. White examines the history of Connecticut's Black soldiers who served in the American Revolution. Book includes list of soldiers, town served, dates of service, and whether they were pensioners, seamen, or marines.
Connecticut's Indigenous Peoples by
Call Number: E78.C7 L36 2013
Publication Date: 2013-06-25
LibGuides: A volume on the rich 13,000-plus-year history and culture of Connecticut's indigenous peoples. Lucianne Lavin draws on new archaeological and ethnographic discoveries, interviews with Native Americans, rare documents including periodicals, archaeological reports, master's theses and doctoral dissertations, conference papers, newspapers, and government records, as well as her own ongoing archaeological and documentary research.
For Adam's Sake: A Family Saga in Colonial New England by
Call Number: F104.N7 D5 2013
Publication Date: 2013-04-22
LibGuides: In this narrative of family life and the slave experience in the colonial North, Allegra di Bonaventura describes the complexity of the master/slave relationship between Joshua Hempstead and Adam Jackson, and traces the intertwining stories of the Hempstead and Jackson families until the eve of the Revolution.
Full Circle: A Directory of Native and African Americans in Windham County, CT, and Vicinity, 1650-1900 by
Call Number: E185.93.C7 P37 2002
Publication Date: 2002-01-01
LibGuides: Marcella Houle Pasay documents early Indigenous peoples, enslaved persons, and freemen residing in and with ties to Windham County, Connecticut and the surrounding area. Sources include census records, vitals, church records, selectmen's minutes, seamen's certificates, military records, court records, and diaries.
Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World by
Call Number: E441 .D2495 2006
Publication Date: 2008-04-18
LibGuides: David Brion Davis discusses the classical and biblical justifications for chattel bondage and traces the long evolution of anti-black racism, linking together the profits of slavery, the pain of the enslaved, and the legacy of racism in America.
The Logbooks: Connecticut's Slave Ships and Human Memory by
Call Number: E445.C7 F37 2014
Publication Date: 2014-10-07
LibGuides: In 1757, a sailing ship owned by an affluent Connecticut merchant sailed from New London to the tiny island of Bence in Sierra Leone, West Africa, to take on fresh water and slaves. Anne Farrow discovered the ship's logbooks around the same time her mother was diagnosed with dementia. As Farrow bore witness to the impact of memory loss on her mother's sense of self, she also began a journey into the world of the logbooks and the Atlantic slave trade, eventually retracing part of the Africa's long-ago voyage to Sierra Leone. The Logbooks explores this voyage to unearth new realities of Connecticut's slave trade and question how we could have forgotten this part of our past so completely.
Maladies of Empire by
Call Number: online access through EBSCOhost
Publication Date: 2021-09-07
LibGuides: A global history that looks beyond European urban centers to show how slavery, colonialism, and war propelled the development of modern medicine. Reexamining the foundations of modern medicine, Jim Downs demonstrates that the study of infectious disease depended crucially on the unrecognized contributions of nonconsenting subjects--conscripted soldiers, enslaved people, and subjects of empire. Plantations, slave ships, and battlefields were the laboratories in which physicians came to understand the spread of disease.
Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America by
Call Number: E446 .B49 1998
Publication Date: 2000-03-01
LibGuides: Ira Berlin, a leading historian of southern and African-American life, traces the evolution of black society from the first arrivals in the early seventeenth century through the Revolution.
The Myth and Reality of Slavery in Eastern Connecticut by
Call Number: E445.C7 S83 2023
Publication Date: 2023-01-02
LibGuides: Archivist and historian Bruce P. Stark tells the story of the Browne family, their estate in Lyme and Colchester, and the enslaved people and tenants who lived on and worked the land.
Native People of Southern New England, 1650-1775 by
Call Number: E78.N5 B732 2009
Publication Date: 2009-04-01
LibGuides: Despite the popular assumption that Native American cultures in New England declined after Europeans arrived, evidence suggests that Indigenous communities continued to thrive alongside English colonists. In this sequel to her Native People of Southern New England, 1500-1650, Kathleen J. Bragdon continues the Indigenous story through the end of the colonial era and documents the impact of colonization.
New England Bound: Slavery and Colonization in Early America by
Call Number: E446 .W26 2017
Publication Date: 2017-05-09
LibGuides: While earlier histories of slavery largely confine themselves to the South, Wendy Warren's exploration links the growth of the northern colonies to the slave trade and examines the complicity of New England's leading families, demonstrating how the region's economy derived its vitality from the slave trading ships coursing through its ports.
Tribe, Race, History: Native Americans in Southern New England, 1780-1880 by
Call Number: E78.N5 M36 2008
Publication Date: 2008-02-04
LibGuides: Daniel R. Mandell examines Indigenous communities in southern New England between the Revolution and Reconstruction, when Indigenous peoples lived in the region's socioeconomic margins, moved between semiautonomous communities and towns, and intermarried extensively with blacks and whites.
For additional print resources, please see a librarian or search our catalog.
General Research Guides
Research guides compiled by the Connecticut State Library and other organizations.
Resources to find culturally sensitive terminology and descriptions of ancestral, racial, ethnic, and gender identity.
Slavery and Servitude
Information about slavery and servitude in Connecticut and New England, as well as the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
Emancipation and Freedom
Information about emancipation and freedom in Connecticut and New England, as well as the emergence of free Black communities.
Additional People and Subjects of Interest
- Baaki, Brian. “Circulating the Black Rapist: Sketches of the Life of Joseph Mountain and Early American Networks of Print.” The New England Quarterly 90, no. 1 (March 2017): 36-68. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26405832.
- Bickford, Christopher P. “The Lost Connecticut Census of 1762 Found.” The Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin 44, no. 2 (1979): 33-43. [CSL call number F 91 .C67].
- Crone-Morange, Paulette and Lavin, Lucianne. “The Schaghticoke Tribe and English Law: A Study of Community Survival.” Connecticut History Review 43, no. 2 (2004): 132-162. https://doi.org/10.2307/44369645.
- Feinberg, Harvey M. “Black New Haven Residents During the Nineteenth Century: Resources Located in the Whitney Library, New Haven Museum and Historical Society.” Connecticut History Review 57, no. 2 (2018): 197. https://doi.org/10.5406/connhistrevi.57.2.0197.
- Lavin, Lucianne. “Connecticut Connections: The Places That Teach Us About Historical Archaeology.” Connecticut History Review 46, no. 2 (2007): 294-308. https://www.jstor.org/stable/44369786.
- Mancini, Jason R. “Beyond Reservation: Indians, Maritime Labor, and Communities of Color from Eastern Long Island Sound, 1713-1861.” Connecticut History Review 54, no. 1 (2015): 143-163. https://doi.org/10.2307/44370383.
- Mancini, Jason. “‘In Contempt and Oblivion’: Censuses, Ethnogeography, and Hidden Indian Histories in Eighteenth-Century Southern New England.” Ethnohistory 62, no. 1 (2015): 61-94. https://doi.org/10.1215/00141801-2821683.
- Menschel, David. “Abolition Without Deliverance: The Law of Connecticut Slavery 1784-1848.” The Yale Law Journal 111, no. 1 (2001): 183-222. https://doi.org/10.2307/797518.
- Tonat, Ian Edward. “‘Thus Did God Break the Head of that Leviathan’: Performative Violence and Judicial Beheadings of Native Americans in Seventeenth-Century New England” (2014). Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects. William & Mary. Paper 1539626765. https://dx.doi.org/doi:10.21220/s2-ycqh-3b72.
List of Black and African American Names
First names and surnames of Black, African American, and African-descended persons who appear in the court records, served in the American Revolution, or were known to have lived in Connecticut. Also includes known Black Governors in New Haven County.
List of Indigenous Names
First names and surnames of Indigenous persons who appear in the court records, served in the American Revolution, or were known to have lived in Connecticut and/or southern New England.
Connecticut State Library | 231 Capitol Avenue, Hartford, CT 06106 | 860-757-6500 * Toll-free 866-886-4478