Please note that this finding aid deals primarily with resources pertaining to African-American genealogy and local history from colonial times through the end of the nineteenth century. Some people of color in Connecticut with Cape Verdean or Caribbean ancestries do not necessarily view themselves as African-Americans but rather as a distinctly different cultural group with its own heritage and history.
Please check our Library Catalog for additional materials.
There are several genealogy indexes to vital statistics documents in Connecticut, especially for the colonial era. They contain information pertaining to baptisms, births, deaths and marriages of free blacks and slaves, as well as whites. Often times enslaved individuals were known only by a first name, so it is important to check the "No Surname" indexes found after the Alphabet indexes for each collection. Researchers should also check under a slave owner’s surname. A helpful book on African-American Names is Black Names in America: Origins and Usage, by Newbell N. Pucket [CSL Call Number E 185.89 .N3 P82]. For more information about the genealogical indexes, please see the main Genealogy Index Guide page.
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